Equipment/HPC LS3060 Laser Cutter
- 1 Status
- 2 Model
- 3 Safety information
- 4 Instructions
- 5 Parameters for different materials
- 6 Consumables
- 7 Running cost
- 8 More information
The cutter is currently operational - check the logbook for more information.
Cooling of the laser cutter is now fully automatic.
Information about additional useful bits of software installed on the machine can be found on the software page.
- HPC LS3060 "plus" laser engraver and cutter.
|Laser:||40W - water cooled CO2 laser.|
|Working area:||320 x 600mm honeycomb bed (cutting area possibly about 300 x 550mm)|
|Features:|| Air-assist (removes debris from cutting region),
red-dot pointer (to show beam location)
|Water cooling:|| Simple tube cooling circuit connected with (9mm OD, 6mm ID) latex tube.
Uses supplied submersible pond pump (2.8m head, 2800L/H flow).
- Please don't affect the cooling system without consultation - overheating or rapid cooling can damage the laser.
- Never leave the laser cutter unattended - Your material may ignite, and an unchecked fire in the laser cutter could be both dangerous and costly.
- In case of fire - Use the CO2 extinguisher by the laser cutter first. Do not use the powder extinguisher unless you feel that you can't control the fire.
- Never cut PVC or chlorinated plastic - You should always know what material you are cutting, and chlorinated plastics should be avoided because they release chlorine gas when cut.
- Do not try to cut metal in the laser cutter - If you wish to mark the metal, please use "Thermark Laser Engraving Spray / Paste", or use anodised aluminium.
These instructions are intended as a companion to laser cutter safety training - not a replacement.
- Insert key and turn - the PC is turned on using the 'sleep' button on the keyboard.
- Always perform the following pre-checks:
- Check that there is a CO2 fire extinguisher immediately to hand.
- Check that the water pump is running
- Check that the extractor fan is on
- Caution: Be certain that the water coolant is at a suitable temperature.
- If you are unsure if the cutter has been used recently, or you have been using the cutter for an extended period of time (an hour or so) check the temperature of the water using the infra-red thermometer.
- If the water temperature is outside the acceptable operating range (22 ± 3 °C) then wait for the water to cool before using the cutter.
Preparing your design
- Start the 'LaserCut' application and load/import your design.
- TODO Different file types pros/cons
- DXF is nice because it maintains absolute dimensions.
- Sometimes it's useful scale your design. The Laser cutter application allows for this but it's rather quirky:
- From the Laser software menu select 'Tools/Size'
- Calculate and enter your new widths/heights in Google/calc etc.
- The work-area in the LaserCut software is not an absolute representation of the laser cutter bed. The origin must be set relative to your design.
- From the LaserCut application menu select 'Laser/Set laser origin'
- Move the 'target' cursor and click on the location on your design where you wish to position the origin (this is usually at the top right of the design)
- You may also manually enter the position - the top corner of bed is located at (299, 559)
- Layers can be used in your design to provide combinations of different cut types and engrave options on a single piece. For example you may wish to cut out a key-ring and then engrave a name on it.
Uploading your data file
- Upload the file to the design and settings to the laser cutter hardware as follows:
- Select the 'Download' button
- Remove any existing files by selecting them and clicking 'Del all'
- Download (upload) your file by clicking 'Download current'
- You should hear the laser cutter machine beep.
Positioning your material
- Caution: Know your material - be absolutely certain that your material is safe to use in the laser cutter. If in doubt - ask. For unidentified plastics try this test method.
- Caution: There are a number of electrically live areas inside the cabinet towards the back. Be very careful when reaching around at the back as you may get a shock.
- Place the material on the cutter bed.
- The bed height must be adjusted to the thickness of your material. Different materials should have the beam focussed in different places. Thicker materials should have the beam focussed in the middle of the material. You can adjust where the beam focuses by adjusting the bed height:
- Press the 'Z' button on the control panel.
- The display will show 'Z-Axis operate'
- Then press the 'Datum' button
- The display should now show 'Z-Axis datum' and the bed will move to the 0 point. Now you use the up and down buttons to move the bed.
- To make sure that your design will be cut within the boundary of your material you can have the cutter mark out the bounding box with the red-dot pointer. Note that you must upload your design to the cutter before doing this.
- Click the 'Run box' button in the laser cutter application
- Observe the path of the red-dot pointer
- Caution: Never leave the machine unattended. The laser cuts and engraves by burning the material so you must be present to deal with any fires should this process undesirably escalate.
- Turn on the air pump on the main control panel
- To begin cutting press the 'Start' button in the laser cutter application.
- Monitoring progress
- TODO What to watch out for
- TODO What to do in case of problems
- TODO What to try if the result is not what you expect
- Log your Laser Cutter use in the logbook
Parameters for different materials
If you found some sweet settings please share them here.
|Material||Thickness (mm)||Speed (mm/sec)||Power (%)||Corner power (%)||Examples|
|Acrylic - Perspex||4||3.5||100||21|
|Acrylic - Palglas||3||6||100||21||Cubauble|
|Material||Speed (mm/sec)||Power (%)||Corner power (%)||Examples|
|Anodized aluminium (dyed black)||450||90||?||LHS logo on black phone|
|Anodized aluminium (Macbook Pro) (Vector - in "cut" mode)||100||100||80||Russ's Macbook Pro|
- Plastic Online
- HPC sheet products - Laser ply, perspex, engraving laminate - where we purchased the cutter.
- The Plastics Shop - mattp purchased the plastic for the first batch of Hackspace key rings from here.
- Hamar Acrylic Cuts to size, and is ~10mins walk from the space. Order by phone and it should be cut and ready to collect on arrival.
- Price guide 320x600x4mm (laser bed size) clear acrylic = £8.
- Acrylic-Online - Elliot has bought some Palglas from here. They cut to size - delivery £8.00. Price guide (incl. VAT):
- 320x600x3mm (laser bed size) clear acrylic (Palglas) = £3.84
- 320x600x4mm (laser bed size) clear acrylic (Palglas) = £5.12
- 320x600x5mm (laser bed size) clear acrylic (Palglas) = £6.29
Guide For bulk order Quote
(bed size sheets)
- 10 x 1.5mm
- 10 x 3mm
- 10 x 5mm
- 5 x 10mm
- Solid: Black:
- 10 x 1.5mm
- 10 x 3mm
- 10 x 5mm
- Solid: Red, Blue (ea):
- 5 x 1.5mm
- 5 x 3mm
- 5 x 5mm
- The tube is £200 for 1000 hours
- The lens+mirrors are £150 for 250 hours
- The power is (say) 1.2kW at £.2/kWh.
- So 200/1000 + 150/250 + 1.2*.2 = £1.04/hour
Therefore a recommended donation of £1 for each hour of use would be greatly appreciated.
- Some useful laser info from Adafruit - the settings section in particular gave a good idea of what we can expect.
- More information about the controller card used by the cutter
- For making boxes, you can use this script - recommended settings of "--bolt_length 13 --nut_multiplier 1.8" YMMV
- http://rahulbotics.com/personal-projects/boxmaker/?boxmaker/ is also _very_ good for making boxes.
- QCAD - open source .dxf exporting 2D CAD program