PCB etching instructions

From London Hackspace Wiki
Revision as of 10:41, 14 January 2013 by Ciaran.mooney (talk | contribs)
Jump to: navigation, search

Making PCBs @ LHS

There are way too many pages about PCBs on this wiki.

<graphviz border='frame' format='png' >

digraph rfboard{
  rankdir=TD;
  cleaning [label="Copper board cleaning",shape=box];
  photoresist [label="Photo resist coat",shape=box];
  resist_cure [label="Photo resist curing",shape=box];
  breadboard [label="Breadboard",shape=box];
  board_layout [label="Board schematic",shape=box];
  uv_exposure [label="UV exposure",shape=box];   
  develop [label="Develop (Tank 1)",shape=box];
  etch [label="Etch (Tank 2)",shape=box];
  strip [label="Stripper (Tank 3)",shape=box];
  drill [label="Drill",shape=box];
  solder [label="Assemble and solder",shape=box];
  breadboard-> board_layout [label="Fritzing"];
  board_layout-> uv_exposure;
  cleaning->photoresist;
  resist_cure -> uv_exposure;
  photoresist->resist_cure;
  uv_exposure->develop;
  develop->etch [label="Spray wash"];
  etch->strip [label="Spray wash"];
  strip->drill; [label="Spray wash, dry"];
  drill->solder;

} </graphviz>



Note : see Pcb for other references

Printing your PCB

If you use eagle, you can use the print option (as opposed to exporting an image). Print on normal paper first and check dimensions on some components.

I get best results with acetate, but this needs to be special laserable acetate. Do not use normal transparency! I have melted a sheet onto a fuser before and it was expensive to replace.

Some people get good results with paper instead of acetate.

UV Exposure

Make sure your print is the right way round so that your board isn't back to front when it's etched!

5 minutes with acetate and something like 15 with paper. The uv board should look green with faint lighter green traces where your traces are.

PCB etching: Developer

Put the board in the developer (tank A), at the moment the heater for the developer is broken { note: is this still true ? } so it takes longer than the 30 seconds. What you need to look for is all the copper is exposed when you check it. Only the tracks should be coloured (green with the uv exposure board).

Note : the developer in tank A is from Mega Electronics, also sold through Rapid. It works well with photo pcb material from the same source. It does NOT work with Maplin photo material !

Etch

follow instructions on the notice, but the board is done when all the exposed copper is removed. The balance is removing too much copper and getting breaks in traces vs not enough and some small closely laid traces may have bridges.

Stripper

use the stripper for the specified time then scrub the black off and you should have nice copper traces! Use a multimeter to check for bridges.

See also

Project:DIY_PCB_Making

Project:PCB_Making