Project:Infotec displays

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Revision as of 10:37, 7 February 2012 by Ciaran.mooney (talk | contribs) (Status: Typo)
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Donated by Nottinghack, who have a project page with pictures. Further information posted by NortHACKton and Leeds.

Status

The screen on one side has been damaged and a roughly 10x10 pixel area is dead.

Works fine apart from that.

We need to work out how to talk to it.

Update : we can send the time to it via the serial port, but don't yet know how to format the other commands.

Hardware

Photos by Akki

The serial port is exposed as a header on some master boards, in the comms ribbon cables, and as DE-9 connectors on the case board (where the power is split between the two units).

Infotec COM0 pinout.jpg Infotec COM0 IDC pinout.jpg

The header, with the register pin to the left, left-to-right, top-to-bottom is RX, TX, GND, GND.

Notes

Mark has done some work on the dumped rom, including extracting the fonts at Tom's suggestion:

A little more on possible protocols here: http://www.infotec.co.uk/index.php?page=communication

https://github.com/marksteward/Infotec/

The serial port is probably accessible using RS422 via the junction board that distributes power and signal to both clocks in the outer case. It is also available on the clock control board at RS232 levels (the signals are combined using combinational logic, rather than chosen with a switch). This is the small white 3-pin connector between the coin cell and the 2-pin connector for the front panel LED. Pins are ground, txd, rxd, counting from the edge of the motherboard towards the daughterboard. Protocol is 9600 8,n,1

Protocols

The command

>PR#0#00#00,07,08#25,05,2012,2#3D<

sets the time to 00:07:08 (and, presumably, the calendar to 25/5/12 though we don't know how to display that at the moment). The tailing 3D is a checksum - the 2-digit hex representation of the XOR of all the preceding characters, starting with the '>'.

The clock seems to initially set itself up for 19200 baud serial port but later in the initialisation changes it to 9600.

Turning on DIP switch 8 and cycling power puts the clock in a display test mode.

Typing <>< into the clock causes it to sleep for a couple of seconds.

Numbered commands

Command messages are in the format: >inflags#sendresponse#cmdnum#serialtask#inbuf#args,args,...#checksum<

<, > and # in inbuf are escaped using ^

All except inbuf are in hex. As a start, try 0 for inflags, 1 for sendresponse, 0 for serialtask, and cc to ignore the checksum

0x0 Display text

Input
serialtask
  • display 0, 1, etc.
  • 0xff for all
buf message
arg0
  • 0 = left
  • 1 = centre
arg1 time to display for?
Output
none
>0#1#0#0#Hello##cc<

0xF4 Get date

Input
none
Output
arg0 date
arg1 month
arg2 year
>0#1#F4####cc<
>00#80#01#1E,05,0A#37<

0xF5 Get version

Input
none
Output
flags  ?
arg0 Major version
arg1 Minor version
>0#1#F5####cc<
>00#80#01#04,07#18<

Firmware

NEC 27 (25), which is almost identical to a 186, with register bank switching, DMA and a simple buffering (macro) system for interrupts. User manual and with opcodes and with chart.

External bus 8-bit
Clock speed 8MHz?
DMA channels 2
Serial built-in
Timers 2
Internal data area 256 bytes based at xxe00
Special functions 256 bytes based at xxf00

Disassembly at http://github.com/marksteward/Infotec/.